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 Week 14 second half ID's

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Join date : 2010-12-15

PostSubject: Week 14 second half ID's    Thu Dec 16, 2010 6:03 pm

Hyperides 3

Epicrates: the plaintiff, young farmer who had brought a private suit for damages against Athenogenes

Athenogenes: the defendent, resident alien (metic) of Egyptian origin, sells perfumes, and owns three shops, one of which managed by his slave Midas and his two sons.

Midas: the slave whose sons Epicrates takes a like too

Antigone: the famous prostitute (hetaira)

the Basics of the Speech:
-Epicrates took a liking to one of Midas' sons and comes to Athenogenes to set the boys free.
-According to Epicrates, Athenogenes would not accept Epicrates offer until he had agreed to buy and set free the boy's borther and father.
-then Athenogenes enlisted the service of his former mistress Antigone to persuade Epicrates to accept the boy's request to buy the whole family
-Epicrates ended buying all three slaves, and inherently assumed the responsibility of a massive debt.He signed the sales contract without reading it
-Epicrates discovered that he owed more than five talents to creditors and to friends. Quickly noted that the contract signed did not list out the debts assumed.
-Epicrates met Athenogenes in the agora and a heated debate followed where Athenogenes refused to make any concessions and stuck by the contract.
-Epicrates ends up suing Athenogenes for damages to cover the debts

Concept of Law in this case:
-in Athens, a sale's agreement did not have to be included with the sale, but in this case, Athenogenes included a written agreement (legally binding) to ensure that Epicrates assumed responsibiltiy for any debts previously accumulated by the s;aves who ran the perfume shop.
-laws existed to protect the buyer against fraud and any misrepresentation by the seller. if seller did not inform buyer of the defects of a slave during the sale, the buyer had the right to demand his money back and return the slave.
-Epicrates must prove that the agreement made between him and Athenogenes was unjust.

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PostSubject: Demosthenes 52   Thu Dec 16, 2010 6:12 pm


Apollodorus: author/writer of speech

Pasion : banker, Apollodorus' father

Lycon : Man from Heraclea (a town on the southeast coast of the Black Sea) had deposited money with Pasion. Before Pasion left on an ill-fated voyage, he left instructions for paying it out to his partner, a certain Cephisiades.

Callippus : tries to get his hands on Lycon's money by abusing his position as a consular representative (a diplomat) of the Heracleans.

-Callippus brings in a suit for money. "dike arguriou"
-Speech makes a number of allusions to the practices of Athenian bankers and the role of arbitrators
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PostSubject: Isocrates 17   Thu Dec 16, 2010 6:24 pm


Pasion: the defendant, the most famous banker of classical Athens, father of Apollodorus

the plaintiff : the speaker is a young man from the Bosporus, the son of a man, Sopaeus, who was very close to the region's ruler, Satyrus

Cittus : Pasion's bookkeeper

Menexenus : One of the speaker's confidants

Basics of Speech
-speaker came to Athens and was introduced to Pasion by a Phoenician. when Sopaeus fell out of favor with Satyrus, the son took steps to hide his money from Satyrus' agents in Athens
-the speaker feigned a denial that he had money on deposit with Pasion and even a (false) admisison that he was in debt to the banker
-when the speaker decides to leave Athens, he asked Pasion for the money back and was refused
-the most obvious person to consult was Cittus but Cittus disappeared
-Pasion accuses Menexenus of kidnapping Cittus; this conflict nullifies the arrangment between the speaker and Pasion
-speaker then claims that Pasion had arranged the slave to alter the document that set out the conditions under which Pasion and the speaker would appear before Satyrus

Concept of Law
-Athenian judicial procedures
-private arbitration
-the use of torture on slaves

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